Vraag & Antwoord

OS Linux

[discussie] Linux-documentatie

14 antwoorden
  • iemand interesse in een basis lilo config howto?
  • [quote:c02e3a29a2="linde002"]iemand interesse in een basis lilo config howto?[/quote:c02e3a29a2] Yep, post hem amar via PB, dan zet ik hem wel in de thread. Max
  • sorry ik bedoelde een samba howto, deze is ondertussen al geplaats op [url=forum.nedlinux.nl]nedlinux[/url] in het forum documentatie ontwikkeling. Met vr.gr. Robert
  • Zet hem ook lekker hier neer! :D
  • hier is ie dan, in het engels, dat leek me toch beter. Samba NHF Samba has been around for a long time and comes from a group of hackers in Australia. Their home page is http://www.samba.org. Samba is ported to many flavors of Unix but is most popular on Linux. If you have a Linux box and you want to network it with one or more Windows workstations, you will definitely want to run Samba. It allows your Linux box to completely emulate a Windows NT server and you can set up a personal Windows NT network at a fraction of the cost. The first thing to do is to set up your ethernet. You can get a 100 BaseT mini hub for about 50 bucks. You will need a 100 BaseT ethernet card for each machine as well. Buy pre-made CAT V or VI cables at the appropriate length. You can use 10 BaseT in lieu of 100 BaseT but the savings are not that great compared to the difference in performance. Don't mix 10 and 100 BaseT. Some hubs and cards will autodetect and support both, but unless you know for sure, don't mix them. Be choosy about the card for your Linux box. Consult http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Ethernet-HOWTO.html to make sure Linux can support it. Consult http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/NET3-4-HOWTO.html or http://linuxnewbie.org/nhf/intel/network/ for information on setting up your ethernet card in Linux. Check the network configuration on your windows machine(s) by right clicking on Network Neighborhood and selecting properties. You should see the following using a 3Com 3C905B-TX as an example; Client for Microsoft Networks 3Com Fast Etherlink XL (3C905B TX) TCP/IP File and Print Sharing for Microsoft Networks You may have Dial-Up networking installed as well, which is fine. However, I recommend using IP masquerading to share your internet connection from your Linux box. If you have cable modem or DSL, you will have two ethernet cards in your Linux machine, one for your internal network and one for your internet connection. If your Linux box connects to your internet connection via PPP, then you will only have an ethernet card for your internal network. Consult http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/mini/IP-Masquerade.html for information on this topic. Initially, we want to make sure that the workstations can communicate with the server using TCP/IP. For now, set up Windows to use the "Windows Logon" for Primary Network Logon. Under the "Client for Microsoft Networks" properties, make sure that "Log onto Windows NT Domain" is unchecked. Under TCP/IP properties set WINS configuration to disabled, and set the IP address to a private IP. I like to use the range from 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255. This is one of the ranges dedicated to people with private IP networks. These IPs are not routable over the internet. I like to use 10.1.1.1 for my server and assign IP's to the workstations consecutively from there. You can use 255.255.255.0 for the network mask. Define the IP and hostnames of your workstations in /etc/hosts as follows using, for example, hostnames of myserver, myworkstations1, and myworkstation2; 127.0.0.1 myserver localhost 10.1.1.2 myworkstation1 10.1.1.3 myworkstation2 Now you should be able to ping your server from the workstations DOS prompt using "ping 10.1.1.1" without the quotes. You should be able to ping the workstations from the server by using "ping myworkstation1" and "ping myworkstation2" from the Linux command prompt. Now for the Samba setup. Create a directory to share amongst the workstations for example "/pub" Create your user accounts. You will want to create a separate account for each user on your network so that you can setup private home directories later on down the road. If you used adduser to create your accounts then, most likely, your users are already a member of a group called "users" and will have a group ID (gid) of "users" Check your users gid with "id ". Edit /etc/passwd if required to set the users gid. Consult the man page on the password file with "man passwd". Do a "chmod 775 /pub" and "chgrp /pub" where is the gid assigned to the users. Samba should be available in your distribution. Start up your package tool and install it. Everything is configured from samba/lib/smb.conf Create your smb.conf file by consulting the Samba documentation for this procedure. You should able to do a "man smb.conf" after installation. You will need to set your Linux box up to act as a WINS server and Primary Domain Controller for NT style logins as well. This is explained in the man page. A sample working smb.conf appears at the end of this document. Samba runs two daemons. "smbd" for the windows file and print services and "nmbd" for the WINS and master domain browser functions. Start your nmbd and smbd simply by entering nmbd and smbd into the command line. Check the samba/var/log.smb and samba/var/log.nmb files to troubleshoot/verify your smb.conf Stop your daemons using your favorite process manager. I use Top and I believe it is still standard on almost all distros. "cd" to samba/var/log and clear your logs each time using >log.smb and >log.nmb to make it easier to parse the output each time you start them. Once you get those two daemons to start and stop without logging any errors in log.smb and log.nmb you are almost done. If you are using Windows machines that are newer then Win95 SR 1, they use encrypted passwords. You will need to edit the registry to enable plain text passwords as follows: Select the following in the left pane of regedit; HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE -> System -> CurrentControlSet -> Services -> VxD -> VNETSUP Right click in the right pane and select new -> DWORD value. Name it EnablePlainTextPassword. Right click on it and select modify. Assign it a value of 1. Set up the Windows workstations to do an NT style domain login using the domain you defined in smb.conf. Under the "Client for Microsoft Networks" properties, check "Log onto Windows NT Domain" and enter the domain you defined in smb.conf Under TCP/IP properties, enable WINS resolution and add the IP of your Linux box. Users will log into the network with the user id and password assigned to them when you created the account. If everything goes well, you will a have a fully functional Windows NT based network with all the bells and whistles. >From the workstation, you should be able to see the server and workstation(s) in the network neiborhood view of Windows Explorer. You should be able to add, edit, and delete files in \\myserver\pub and map it to a drive. Add the smbd and nmbd to your startup scripts so that the system starts them on boot. Your distribution may have set this up for you already when you installed Samba. There's lots of other neat stuff you can do with Samba like setting up private home directories and printer shares and even logon scripts. Samba has a really trick web based configuration tool called SWAT. You may want to check that out as well. Here is a working smb.conf [global] workgroup = WORKGROUP hosts allow = 10.1.1. 127. load printers = yes printcap name = /etc/printcap max log size = 50 security = user socket options = TCP_NODELAY interfaces = 10.1.1.1/24 os level = 33 domain master = yes preferred master = yes domain logons = yes wins support = yes logon script = logon.bat [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no writable = yes [netlogon] comment = Network Logon Service path = /usr/samba/lib/netlogon guest ok = yes writable = no share modes = no [pub] comment = Public Directory path= /pub public = yes writable = yes printable = no [printers] comment = All Printers path = /usr/spool/samba browseable = no public = yes guest ok = yes writable = no printable = yes Note: (sent in by Tom S.) I would suggest to use one the following files to change your Windows registry: /usr/doc/samba-2.0.5a/docs/NT4_PlainPassword.reg /usr/doc/samba-2.0.5a/docs/Win2000_PlainPassword.reg /usr/doc/samba-2.0.5a/docs/Win95_PlainPassword.reg /usr/doc/samba-2.0.5a/docs/Win98_PlainPassword.reg These files are easy to use and are available with the latest version of SAMBA. To use them you can simply double click on them in Windows and they change your registry without a fuss.
  • Lijkt me slimmer om zoiets in het nederlands te doen: Tis immers een nederlandstalig Linux-forum... Engelstalige how-to's zijn er al zat!
  • ik zal van de week even [1 a 2 dagen] dit document vertalen. Met vr.gr. Robert
  • Max de moderator... K wil me nergens mee bemoeien,maar S misschien wel slim om dit topic readonly te maken ofzow, anders komt hier ook weer een discussie: niet goed voor de leesbaarheid van de FAQ's
  • [quote:504786c80b="Bint"]Max de moderator... K wil me nergens mee bemoeien,maar S misschien wel slim om dit topic readonly te maken ofzow, anders komt hier ook weer een discussie: niet goed voor de leesbaarheid van de FAQ's[/quote:504786c80b] en waar gooi ik de howto dan neer? [edit] ik ben nu (22:32 29-11-02) begonnen met vertalen, het schiet flink op [/edit[ Met vr.gr. Robert
  • [quote:72d4832284="Bint"]Max de moderator... K wil me nergens mee bemoeien,maar S misschien wel slim om dit topic readonly te maken ofzow, anders komt hier ook weer een discussie: niet goed voor de leesbaarheid van de FAQ's[/quote:72d4832284] Readonly kan ik helaas niet bewerkstelligen, maar ik kan uiteraard wel de ongewenste replies verwijderen, of uit de topic trekken, zoals nu gedaan is. Voor wie de samba-howto in het Nederlands wil bekijken, deze is inmiddels toegevoegd aan de documentatiesectie van dit forumonderdeel. Driewerf hoera voor linde002!!! Max
  • Applaus.... mooi gedaan.... Kzou ook zeggu.... discussies open houden.... Max pikt er wel uit wat ie in de vaste topics wil hebben..... Goed zo Linde002 en Max !!!!
  • dank jullie wel, als iemand nog meer vertaal documentjes heeft. stuur maar door, ken ik meteen als werk voor school opschrijven. Met vr.gr. Robert
  • Als je wilt kun je documentatie voor KDE vertalen. Steek je meteen iets op over XML ;) Max
  • ik zal eens even kijken. Met vr.gr. Robert

Beantwoord deze vraag

Weet jij het antwoord op deze vraag? Registreer of meld je aan met je account

Dit is een gearchiveerde pagina. Antwoorden is niet meer mogelijk.